Tanzania is a multi-party, presidential federal republic established on April 26, 1964 from the union of Tanganyika and Zanzibar.Tanganyika had gained independence on December 9, 1961 and Zanzibar on December 10, 1963 after German colonisation and British administered United Nations mandate.The name of Tanzania consists of Tanganyika “Tan” and “Zan” for Zanzibar.
The President, who is also the Head of State, is elected by direct universal suffrage for a term of five years. He appoints the Prime Minister and a cabinet of ministers.
Parliament adopts laws pertaining to the Republic as a whole & to the 21 regions (including Mafia Island) The five regions that form the Revolutionary Government of Zanzibar may adopt certain laws concerning local issues because they have their own Parliament. The Members of the Parliament are elected by direct universal suffrage for a term of five years.