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Tanzania Mammals Glossary

Scientific name : Galagoides granti

IUCN Status : LC (Least Concern)

A small galago that is light tbrown above and creamy yellow underparts. The forehead us grey and black hears. It has an incremental advertising call, which rises and then falls in volume, the number of notes within each phase gradually increases during th

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Scientific name : Galagoides orinus

IUCN Status : NT (Near Threatened)

A tiny galago that is dark brown above, creamy white below, with a bushy tail. It is restricted to moist submontane and montane forest below 2.600m. It lives in dispersed groups of up to 9 individuals but forage alone. It feeds on invertebrates, tree gum

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Scientific name : Galagoides thomasi

IUCN Status : LC (Least Concern)

Known in Tanzania only from seasonnaly flooded swamp forest. They live in groups of 8/12 individuals, although they usually forage alone. Their main diet is invertebrates, fruit and tree gum. Thomas’s Galago build nests high up in the Canopy or utilize tree holes

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Scientific name : Galagoides zanzibaricus

IUCN Status : LC (Least Concern)

A very small galago from yellowish grey to grey brown, white or yellow below. Grey brown tail. This galago makes a series of single unit rolling calls, becoming louder and increasing in frequency. A crescendo is reached then trails off.

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Scientific name : Otolemur garnetti

IUCN Status : LC (Least Concern)

A large galago with brown or grey brown back and creamy underparts. The ears are large and hairless. The upper half of the tail is of same colour than the back while the lower half is darker. It is found in a large variety of forest types including coastal, riverine and submontane forests up to 2.400m. It is nocturnal and arboreal but unlike most galagos, it is solitary. Their main food invertebrates and fruits.

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Scientific name : Erythrocebus patas

IUCN Status : LC (Least Concern)

Medium sized monkey with a slender body, small head and very long legs. Brown on most of the body while shoulders are grey and underparts are white. Males are much larger than females and have bare red skin around the anus & a blue scrotum. Bare black skin on the face and white haire on the cheeks. Long tail.

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Scientific name : Chlorocebus pygerythrus

IUCN Status : LC (Least Concern)

Small monkey with a grizzled, olive brown or tan back, grey legs and white underparts. Long grey and white tail. Black face surrounded by white fringe and neck & upper head are olive brown. Legs and feet are black. Skin at the base of the tail is red, males have a vivid blue scrotum and a bright red penis.

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Scientific name : Cercopithecus ascanius

IUCN Status : LC (Least Concern)

Medium sized monkey with a grizzled brown back, dark or black legs, white throat and underparts. Upper half of the tail of same colour as the body, while the lower half is red with a black tip. Heart shapped white spot on the nose, the facial skin being blue or black. Ears are white, long white whiskers in the cheeks. Males are usually 30% larger than females.

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Scientific name : Cercopithecus mitis

IUCN Status : LC (Least Concern)

Medium sized monkey with a long tail and dense fur. Back colour is very variable, ranging through blue grey to green, orange or red. Front forelimbs are black and hind legs are dark grey. Long facial hair, white throat, white or black brow and a black cap.

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Scientific name : Lophocebus albigena

IUCN Status : EN (Endangered)

Medium sized monkey with a long tail and long legs. Long fur, grey and black on the legs. The bare skin on the face is pink or grey and the brow is black. Tailis of same colour as body. Males are larger and more thickset than females

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Scientific name : Papio anubis

IUCN Status : LC (Least Concern)

An olive-brown or brown monkey with lightly speckled coat and a kinked tail close to its base. Olive Baboons are found in a wide range of habitats, from savannah to montane forest as well as agricultural land. They live in groups of 30-200 individuals. Males have a dominance hierarchy that determines breeding success with the highest-ranking male securing most matings. Clans typically avoid each other but can share a sleeping site. Baboons are omnivorous, feeding on fruit, grasses and leaves, as well as invertebrates and small mammals, including young impalas.

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Scientific name : Papio cynocephalus 

IUCN Status : LC (Least Concern)

Medium sized monkey with a lighlty speckled coat. Tail is kinked and close to its base. Muzzle is black and hairless. Males are twice the size of females and gave a distinct mane around the head and shoulders.

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Scientific name : Colobus angolensis

IUCN Status : LC (Least Concern)

A large monkey with a silky black body, long white hairs forming epaulettes on the shoulder and long dense white hairs on the cheeks. The face is black and hairless, with a narrow white band on the forehead separating the face from the black head. The tail is long, with the amount of white on the tip varying by subspecies.

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Scientific name : Colobus guereza

IUCN Status : LC (Least Concern)

A large monkey with a black body and a mantle of long white hairs around the shoulders, flanks, and lower back. The tailis long and bushy, and mostly white with a black base. The chin, cheeks and a narrow strip across the forehead are white, and the face and top of the head are black. Individuals living at higher altitudes at Mt Kilimanjaro husually have longer and thicker fur.

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Scientific name : Piliocolobus gordonorum

IUCN Status : EN (Endangered)

A medium sized monkey with a distinctive bright red cap, white underparts and dark back. The long limbs have black outer sides and white innder sides. Feet and hands are black. Tail has a black upper and bicolored underside. Nose and lips are pink and the facial skin is black. Prominent white cheeks. Males & females are similarly patterned but males are larger.

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Scientific name : Procolobus kirkii

IUCN Status : EN (Endangered)

A medium size monkey with a red back, black shoulders and white underparts. The face is black with a pink nose and lips, the back of the head and the neck are red. The legs are black. Long tail red and white. There is a color variation between individuals. Females are slightly larger and more robust than males.

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Scientific name : Pan troglodytes

IUCN Status : EN (Endangered)

A large, powerfully built ape with black fur, even though older individual can be bald and also have white hair on their chin and lower back. The skin on the face and hands is mostly black, but can be pink or mottled. As with all great apes, chimpanzees have no tail. They are quadrupedal and walk on their knuckles.

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Scientific name : Galago rondoensis

IUCN Status : CR (Critically Endangered)

One of the rarest primates in the world. A tiny galago with a brown back, flanks and limbs with creamy white underparts. Tail is bottle shaped and reddish black. It is endemic to Tanzania and found in patches of dense forest along the coast. They feed mostly on invertebrates, sometimes fruits, flowers & tree gum. They are usually solitary, seen sometimes in pairs or small groups.

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Scientific name : Galago moholi

IUCN Status : LC (Least Concern)

Small galago with a soft, wooly pelage, color from grey to light brown. Yellowish tints on the limb, and narrow white stripe running down the nose. They occur in open acacia and savanna woodland. They generally avoid dense forest, appearing only in edges. They are nocturnal with peak activity before sunset and sunrise. Small groups of 6 . They usually forage alone

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Scientific name : Galago senegalensis

IUCN Status : LC (Least Concern)

Small galago with a soft, wooly pelage, color from grey to light brown. Yellowish tints on the limb, and narrow white stripe running down the nose. They occur in open acacia and savanna woodland. They generally avoid dense forest, appearing only in edges. They are nocturnal with peak activity before sunset and sunrise. Small groups of 6 . They usually forage alone.

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Scientific name : Galagoides demidovii

IUCN Status : VU (Vulnerable)

Demidoff’s galago is a very small, mouse-sized galago with a light brown back and light brown underparts. Tail has short hairs and is the same colour as body. It is found only in seasonnaly flooded swamps, live in dispersed groups of up to 12 individuals. It typically nests in self made vegetation lower than 5m off the ground

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Scientific name : Otolemur crassicaudatus

IUCN Status : LC (Least Concern)

A large galago with big, hairless ears, coat colour ranging from light grey to dark brown. The hair on the tail is long and bushy. It inhabits forest, and open woodlands. It is also found in urban areas with suitable tree cover. It is strictly nocturnal and arboreal. It is the most social of all galagos, travelling in large mixt groups. Both sexes are territorial, and feed on tree gum, invertebrates and fruits.

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